Though their leisure time was limited, it was precious to them, and they made the best use of it that they could. The shops and taverns of the fort’s civilian settlement (the vicus) offered limitless opportunities for recreation and a dizzying cocktail of Roman and more local tastes. The first Hanoverian monarch of England, he spoke no English and relinquished political control to a Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, He was Elector of Hanover before becoming king of England upon Queen Anne's death, New College was founded by William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester, who also founded Winchester College, Guy Fawkes attempted to blow this king up on 5 November, 1605, He followed Elizabeth I to the English throne. Walls may have been decorated with mosaics or painted scenes. In their bid for the veneer of civilization the elite of Britain imported Roman wine, jewellery, and pottery. Also see Roman London in our London History section. What did the Romans do in Britain? They owned beautiful houses called villas, with expensive furniture and an indoor garden in the center of their home called an atrium. The soldiers in the legionary bases and the remote frontier forts of the north enjoyed a private life outside military routine. The lives of the farmers changed very little. Women had no rights and kids did not go to school. But in the countryside, where most people lived, life continued to centre upon the enclosed world of the homestead and the grind of agricultural labour. Patricians would have a lot more leisure time than plebeians because they could afford servants to do their work for them. Although at first the conquered tribal aristocracy may have been drawn into towns, it wasn't long before they began a "back to the land" movement. Locally brewed beer rather than wine was the soldiers’ drink of choice, according to the Vindolanda tablets. Although some may have been strictly the centre of large farms, others included industry in the form of pottery and metalworking. Underfloor heating systems were universal, though in one intriguing case the system was never fired up. Both classes made time to pray daily, and attended their local temples as often as they could. In practice, though, when we speak of villas we mean the country estates of the Romanised British elite. Lions were commonly used as sacred symbols in Roman memorials, but the Corbridge lion is different. Some baths further divided up the hot rooms into steam and dry heat areas. How the Roman conquest changed how people in Britain ate, and how they looked after their health. The theatre, an open-air tiered clam-shell, would have offered fare from classical plays, pantomime, and religious festivals. The city, however, remained a mixture of wealth and poverty, often existing side by side. We understand very little about how they were used, although depictions of gladiators have been found in both military and civil contexts. The excavated remains of the Roman amphitheatre at Chester Find out what this extraordinary sculpture tells us about changing beliefs in Roman Britain. Trade After work or school, Roman men and boys would go to the local baths. They were half-timber frame houses on stone foundations, one story in height, capped with slate or clay tiled roofs. Why? They were constructed in several layers, the final layer generally being gravel or flint, and reached from 4 to 8 metres wide. The growth of towns opened up new markets for goods and produce from the country, which could be sold in the forum and basilica complex that lay at the centre of every town. After a busy day in the town, the less well-off returned to their shops and houses or villages in the countryside. The imperial posting service, used by Roman officials, maintained inns and relays of horses at intervals of 30 to 50 kilometres along the roads. In their free time, plebeians would go to the theatre, chariot races, or watch gladiators fight. The Romans built towns in lowland areas, such as at fords across rivers, in contrast to the earlier Neolithic and Iron Age practice of sticking to the slopes and higher ground above the valleys.