[30], Possible evidence indicating the earliest presence of Tamil people in modern-day Tamil Nadu are the megalithic urn burials, dating from around 1500 BCE and onwards, which have been discovered at various locations in Tamil Nadu, notably in Adichanallur in Thoothukudi District[31][32][33] which conform to the descriptions of funerals in classical Tamil literature. [225][226] Rice is mostly eaten with vegetarian and non-vegetarian curries. "Peopling of India." The Saivist tradition of Hinduism is significantly represented amongst Tamils, more so among Sri Lankan Tamils, although most of the Saivist places of religious significance are in northern India. [150] In the Sangam literature, there is an elaborate description of the rites performed by the Kurava priestess in the shrine Palamutircholai. Tamil film industry has its headquarters in Chennai and is known as Kollywood; it is the second largest film industry in India after Bollywood. (1979). He-Man is characterized by his superhuman strength. [119][120], Most Sri Lankan Tamils live in the Northern and Eastern provinces and in the capital Colombo, whereas most Indian Tamils live in the central highlands. [92][94][95][96] The Chola decline in Sri Lanka was followed by the restoration of the Polonnaruwa monarchy in the late 11th century CE. [208] The modern Tamil film industry originated during the 20th century. Quality: [172] The warm-up phase includes yoga, meditation and breathing exercises. The governance of the land was through hereditary monarchies, although the sphere of the state's activities and the extent of the ruler's powers were limited through the adherence to the established order ("dharma"). Usage Frequency: 1 Usage Frequency: 1 [192], The most important form of Tamil painting is Tanjore painting, which originated in Thanjavur in the 9th century. Although the Pallava records can be traced from the 2nd century CE, they did not rise to prominence as an imperial dynasty until the 6th century. The royal courts were mostly places of social gathering rather than places of dispensation of authority; they were centres for distribution of resources. Tamil cuisine includes vegetarian and non-vegetarian food. Usage Frequency: 1 Usage Frequency: 3 Accessed 26 Nov. 2020. The therukoothu, literally meaning "street play", is a form of village theater or folk opera. [198] As a result, one often sees in stone sculptures flowing forms that are usually reserved for metal. [14], From the 4th century BC onwards,[15] urbanisation and mercantile activity along the western and eastern coasts of what is today Kerala and Tamil Nadu led to the development of four large Tamil empires, the Cheras, Cholas, Pandyas and Pallavas and a number of smaller states, all of whom were warring amongst themselves for dominance. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! In France and the francophone countries, this character is known as Musclor. The painting's base is made of cloth and coated with zinc oxide, over which the image is painted using dyes; it is then decorated with semi-precious stones, as well as silver or gold thread. Usage Frequency: 1 Quality: In Singapore, Mauritius and Reunion, Tamil students learn Tamil as their second language in school. The most important Tamil author was the poet and philosopher Thiruvalluvar, who wrote the Tirukkuṛaḷ, a group of treatises on ethics, politics, love and morality widely considered the greatest work of Tamil literature. The most popular Tamil Hindu deity is Murugan; he is known as the patron god of the Tamils and is also called "Tamil Kadavul" (Tamil God). Tamil Nadu has some notable players in each sport. Quality: [199], Ancient Tamil works, such as the Cilappatikaram, describe a system of music,[200] and a 7th-century Pallava inscription at Kudimiyamalai contains one of the earliest surviving examples of Indian music in notation. [159] Kan̲n̲agi, the heroine of the Cilappatikār̲am, is worshipped as Pattin̲i by many Tamils, particularly in Sri Lanka.