This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. I will call this the Altered Diminished Chord. Each diminished scale contains 4 major triads which can be used to create melodies, patterns, and improvised material. Diminished & The 251 Progression There are only 12 keys which means that there are only 3 diminished scales. For example Dm7-G7, you should just think of D Diminished. These are listed below. Interval Pattern: semitone – tone – semitone – tone – …etc. In this "5-minute masterclass" we’re going to take a look into the diminished chord and scale. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});
. Each of these scales can be used for material over the 4 dominant 7th chords, and the 4 diminished chords in which it is related. So in this article, we’ll get you started with an introduction to diminished scale theory. Try it out and listen to how it sounds. When it comes to the 25 and 251 progression, you can think of it as one scale to play over both the 2 and the 5. These are: The H/W Diminished Scale and/or associated chord can be substituted in place of a V7 chord. If you play a D♭dim7 chord in your left hand and a Cdim7 chord in your right hand, you have yourself a Double Diminished Chord. Playing a D♭dim7 chord is effectively like playing all eight of the above chords at once. Leave us your email below and we will send you a full sample lesson and a PDF download. This website uses cookies to personalize content and to analyze our traffic. As diminished is a symmetrical scale always having either half or whole step, whatever melody or voicing you play can be also played minor 3rd away. Diminished 7th chords are not as common as major, minor and dominant chords and so you don’t see them as often in jazz standards. This is a very jazzy and dissonant sound which can actually be a number of different chords at once. Diminished scales and chords are a very important subject. The Diminished Scale is: An Octatonic Scale (i.e. While, the Whole-Half Diminished Scale is used over a diminished chord. This greatly increases the tension of the chord which can make it sound really interesting and jazzy. Download theory supplements, midi files, chord changes and full note-for-note transcriptions of every lesson. All Rights Reserved. Taking this to the extreme, you can also move ALL the notes up a whole-step and play a D#dim7 chord instead of a D♭dim7 chord. The diminished chord is built out of minor 3rds (3 semitones). In the same way that we observed for the diminished chord, the diminished scale is repeated every three semitones. The half-whole diminished scale is an 8 note symmetrical scale. This means there are only 3 unique diminished chords:
This gives us: Just like the Melodic Minor and Wholetone scale, the Diminished Scale has no avoid notes. the intervals repeat in a pattern) Because it is a symmetrical scale (and much like the diminished chord) there are only three unique diminished scales: C = E♭ = G♭ = A diminished scale; D♭ = E = G = B♭ diminished scale; D = F = A♭ = B diminished scale This means that:
Diminished scale theory is usually seen as a dense and confusing topic that is reserved for advanced theory and harmony classes at the university level. US & Canada: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove. A Symmetrical Scale (i.e. In part 1 we explored the 16 bar introduction and now we’re going to move into the main tune. All Rights Reserved. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. it works as a dominant function and each diminished chord is a rootless dominant b9 chord for 4 different dominants. In this chapter of the lesson, we will explore how to view the diminished scale. Diminished scales are symmetrical and repeat in minor 3rds meaning that 1 diminished scale is actually 4 diminished scales. next, we can add an additional note to the triad. This will sound incredibly dissonant, but it’s theoretically correct. You can substitute this new note in whenever you have a diminished chord. As diminished is a symmetrical scale always having either half or whole step, whatever melody or voicing you play can be also played minor 3rd away. it has 8 notes) A Symmetrical Scale (i.e. they are modes); The chord from the C H/W Diminished Scale is a C7♭9 (C E G B♭ D♭); The chord from the D♭W/H Diminished Scale is a D♭dim7 (D♭ E G B♭), C H/W = E♭ H/W = G♭ H/W = A H/W = D♭ W/H = E W/H = G W/H = B♭ W/H, Moment’s Notice ~ John Coltrane (Coltrane’s solo at about 2:07), Freedom Jazz Dance ~ Covered by Miles Davis’ Second Great Quintet (Hancock’s solo at 4:50). Because of this the diminished chord repeats at intervals of minor thirds. And while diminished scale theory can be a very deep field of study, many students appreciate having a basic understanding of what the diminished scale is and how it is used in music. Because an octave is 12 semitones, stacking further minor 3rd above the top note of a diminished chord just repeats the same existing notes (D → F → A♭ → B → D → F → A♭ → B → D → etc.). Interestingly, if you move any note in a diminished chord up a whole-step, you still remain within the Diminished Scale – so you still have a diminished chord. the intervals repeat in a pattern). Interval Pattern: tone – semitone – tone – semitone – …etc. Step-by-step lessons to master jazz theory, Learn the blues, jazz blues, funk, & gospel, Syllabuses to guide your learning journey, learn to play your favourite tunes & songs. And they get their names from the interval pattern that create them. Below is a classic diminished lick in B♭ H/W Diminished Scale. Add both the major and minor 3rd in these triads for even more melodic possibilities. Watch The Full 7 Minute Tutorial Sign In or Join Now, UK & Europe: +44 808 196 2012 After logging in you can close it and return to this page. Many advanced masterclasses have featured some of the world’s greatest musicians talking about how to apply the diminished scale to improvisation and composition. You can find good strong melodies and just move them in minor 3rds as per the examples in this lesson. it works as a tension to the tonic which is a different kind of tension to a. let’s start with a simple major triad derived from the scale.