Also, the combat strategy was to involve limited armoured thrusts with infantry and necessary air support. The military also tested the Nasr,[20] a nuclear-capable tactical ballistic missile from the family of Hatf-IX missiles with a purported range of 60 km, a high accuracy and a shoot-and-scoot delivery system. Well, every Pakistani makes that mistake. His research interest lie in nuclear deterrence, military strategy and the geopolitics of South Asia. Being provoked into fighting a war at a time and place of an adversary's choosing and in support of an adversary's objectives is not part of India's Cold Start doctrine, on the contrary, the purpose of the Cold Start doctrine is to use surprise and rapid deployment to strike Pakistan at a time and place of India's choosing for the purposes of achieving Indian security objectives. This doctrine aims to allow Indian forces to conduct sustained attacks while preventing a nuclear retaliation from Pakistan. Yet again, South Asia watchers are concerned about the growing conflagration between India and Pakistan, as evidenced by constant ceasefire violations along the Line of Control (LoC) and inflammatory statements by prominent officials of both countries. [16], The Cold Start doctrine has invited criticism from Pakistani media and former generals[18] who claim that although the doctrine was designed to punish Pakistan in a limited manner without triggering nuclear retaliation, the Indian Army cannot be sure if Pakistan's leadership will, in fact, refrain from such a response.[19]. The mobilisation had taken too long and needed to be shortened. As per Cold Start promulgation, offensive operations could begin within 48 hours after orders had been issued. 0000045400 00000 n 0000001671 00000 n However, earlier in 2010, India denied employing any such doctrine when US had taken up concerns by Pakistan on the perceived Cold Start strategy of the Indian Army. On the same goals and interest, On May 12, 2011, India launched Operation Vijayee Bhava defence exercise involving 50,000 troops in Bikaner and Suratgarh near the Pakistan border in order to boost the synergy between the defence forces. 0000092608 00000 n And that would be compellence. 0000023714 00000 n Furthermore, both civilian and military leaders have enunciated the need to punish Islamabad to compel it to change its inimical behavior. [6] India's offensive potency was derived from the "strike corps", which were made up of a mechanised infantry and extensive artillery support. In the recent years, we have been improving our systems with respect to mobilization, but our basic military posture is defensive. He opined that the decision not to implement the doctrine after the deadly 2008 Mumbai attacks called into question New Delhi's willingness to pursue the option, adding that India would likely encounter "mixed results" if it did. But we have a 'proactive strategy' which takes steps in a proactive manner so that we can achieve what our doctrines and strategies," he said. He regularly contributes to premier dailies. High levels of preparedness and rapid mobilization are the main aims of this doctrine. Pakistan’s efforts to fill its deterrence gaps by inducting tactical nuclear weapons (TNWs) and improving second-strike capabilities by adding a sea-leg nuclear deterrent will make limited war options more costly and risky, especially given Pakistan’s retention of the first-use policy and its ambiguous nuclear-use redlines. Required fields are marked *. The doctrine is intended to allow India's conventional forces to perform holding attacks to prevent a nuclear retaliation from Pakistan in case of a conflict. From the Indian perspective, the plan has the added virtue of accentuating Pakistani discomfiture and angst, which theoretically has some deterrent value. The Cold Start doctrine envisages swift deployment of troops on the western border within days if a situation of a full blown war arises. It involves the various branches of India's military conducting offensive operations as part of unified battlegroups.The doctrine is intended to allow India's conventional forces to perform holding attacks to prevent a nuclear retaliation from Pakistan in case of a conflict.