Jargon refers to a set of terms, idioms, and concepts that are shared by people with a similar interest. The anti-language is a vehicle of resocialisation. For example, "Le Bourgeoise est stupid!" In the argot of the blousards he is known as the Chevalier of the Hook. particularly rich in vocabulary referring to drugs, crime, sexuality, money, the police, and other authority figures" ("Verlan, l'envers," 2015). ... and argot. These anti-languages do not have complete lexicons, cannot be observed in use for linguistic description, and therefore cannot be studied in the same way that a language that is actually spoken by an existing anti-society would.  Anti-languages differ from slang and jargon in that they are used solely among ostracized or rebellious social groups including prisoners, criminals, homosexuals, and teenagers. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? Amazon Doesn't Want You to Know About This Plugin. The term "argot" has been directly lifted from the French. PLAY. In many ways this kind of code was a safety mechanism to keep people, like police, from understanding what they were saying.  While many of these colloquialisms may prove impenetrable to most lay people, few seem to be specifically designed to conceal meaning from patients (perhaps because standard medical terminology would usually suffice anyway). To cook in water, just below boiling temperature. Also, Argot is a vert metaphoric language. Argot consists of a specialized vocabulary that is used by a small, insular group of people, often taking the form of a clique. Thus, the vocabulary of educators can qualify as argot rather than as professional jargon when word choices give the appearance of doing something that may not occur. The principle is that of same grammar, different vocabulary. If I made up a language that only my friends and I spoke, so we could stand in a crowded mall and talk about people without them realizing it, is that an argot? Some examples: (1) Hustlers always use their argot among themselves when no outsiders are present, where it could not possibly have a secretive purpose. French novelist Victor Hugo observed that "argot is subject to perpetual transformation—a secret and rapid work which ever goes on. Argot would never dare display so openly such a proof of his guilt! This vocabulary can also be used, of course, to talk about illegal or questionable activities without fear of discovery. The Ulti word kodān, meaning 'shop,' is derived from rearranging the letters in the Bengali word dokān, which also means 'shop'. For example, you could call Pig Latin an argot by today’s standards, although it’s created by modifying a common language.  Therefore, anti-languages are distinct and unique, and are not simply dialects of existing languages. From www.pontauchange.com. Beyond their Latin based words and complex scientific jargon they have also developed an argot to talk about patients in ways that they can't understand. For those unfamiliar with the argot, a “buffalo” is a “nickel” uh, five years? PLAY. Learn. Is Amazon actually giving you the best price? In sociology, anthropology, and cultural studies, a subculture is a group of people with a culture that differentiates themselves from the larger culture to which they belong. In Argot the train is le roulant Vif, the Rattler. The word has also been used as a suffix to coin names for modern-day jargons such as "medicant", a term used to refer to the type of language employed by members of the medical profession that is largely unintelligible to lay people.. An anti-society is a society which is set up within another society as a conscious alternative to it. The code words have the “us versus them” mentality, and nobody outside of that specific group knows what the words mean, right? 1887 Vagrants and Vagrancy and Beggars and Begging, London, 1887, p.245, quoting an examination taken at, "Interesting Facts about Convicts of France in the 19th Century", "Socio-lingual Phenomenon of the Anti-language of Polish and American Prison Inmates", "Antilanguage and a Gentleman's Goloss: Style, Register, and Entitlement To Irony in A Clockwork Orange", "Language and subcultures: Anti-language", Countries by the number of recognized official languages, Countries and capitals in native languages, List of languages without official status, Languages by the number of countries in which they are recognized as an official language, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, International Organization of Turkic Culture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cant_(language)&oldid=988352691#Argot, Short description is different from Wikidata, Lang and lang-xx code promoted to ISO 639-1, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Outside Goidelic circles, the derivation is normally seen to be from. For example, you could call Pig Latin an argot by today’s standards, although it’s created by modifying a common language. We distinguish questions and answers, we perceive, without understanding, a hideous murmer, sounding almost like human tones, but nearer a howling than speech. Anti-languages may also change words using metathesis, back formation (e.g. For example, modern French loufoque "crazy, goofy", now common usage, originates in the [[Louchébem|louchébem]] transformation of Fr. In the case of something like drug users the use of argot to describe certain drug paraphernalia and actions was very group specific, with outsiders not knowing what their language meant. In the argot of the wonks and wizards of geopolitics, Latin America has rarely been a game changer.